Hebrews 3:7—11 is part of second of five warning passages in the letter. This section warns about the danger of disobedience to God. It also points out that Christ is greater than Moses. Psalm 95:7—11 is quoted. It refers to the experience of Israel at Kadesh-Barnea in Numbers 14. The Psalmist warned Israel of his day of unbelief and disobedience. “Hardening of the Heart” (v.8) references the Exodus generation and land, not eternal salvation.
However, the author of Hebrews applies this warning to the recipients of the letter—a specific local assembly of Hebrew-Christians in danger of disowning Christ and defecting back to Judaism. Think about it this way...If disobedience to Moses brought calamity. And, Christ is superior to Moses. Then, how much calamity will you experience by disobeying Christ? Hearing the Gospel is not enough. The Gospel must be believed. Fortunately, “My Rest” refers to a Christian experience of peace—a peace of walking with God. This is available to us all and developed in the next section.
Want peace? Believe, obey, and walk with the LORD!
The following guide is a resource for your personal time of abiding with the Lord and for your Community Group when you meet. It can also be used for times with family or friends around the table.
VISION + STORIES
Take time to be reminded of our shared vision- We are abiding in Christ that we might experience Gospel Transformation in our homes, neighborhoods, work places and city.
+ Ask… What are you/we thankful to the Lord for? (e.g., how is he working in our community group or the lives of someone we are walking with to discover the gospel?)
+ What is one need in this circle/our Community Group and how can we meet it together?
SING + PRAY
Take some time for song (guitar, hymn, acapella or read a Psalm) and extended prayer as an individual/community. A simple path of prayer is to pray through one of the Psalms as a group or use the acronym ACTS (Adoration, Confession, Thanksgiving, Supplication).
DISCOVER [ Hebrews 3:7-11 ] In Large group
+ WHAT is this passage saying and what is a key truth or thought that I/we learn? (Use the questions interspersed through the passage to help make additional observations to clarify the main point)
7 Therefore, as the Holy Spirit says,“Today, if you hear his voice, 8 do not harden your hearts as in the rebellion, on the day of testing in the wilderness,
+ Who is saying this?(v7)
+ Whose “voice” does this refer to? (v7)
+ When in rebellion, what do we do? (v8)
+ What are we not to do? (v8)
9 where your fathers put me to the test and saw my works for forty years. 10 Therefore I was provoked with that generation, and said, ‘They always go astray in their heart; they have not known my ways.’ 11 As I swore in my wrath, ‘They shall not enter my rest.’”
+ What did Israel see for 40 years that we don’t get to see today? (v9)
+ Where did Israel go astray? (v10)
+ What does this mean—“They have not known my ways? (v10)
+ What did Israel not enter? What does this mean? (v11)
PROCESS (In Breakouts of 2-3’s, guys/girls)
+ HOW is the Lord calling me to action/obedience? Is there sin to confess, a next step to take, how has it gone since last time? (Below are a couple of ideas to help prompt responses if needed)
Author David Guzik writes "The High Priest wore a breastplate with stones engraved with the names of the tribes of Israel on both his chest and his shoulders. The High Priest was therefore in constant sympathy with the people of God, carrying them on his heart and on his shoulders. Jesus did not wear the High Priest’s breastplate. But the wound in His chest and the cross on His shoulders are even more eloquent testimony to His heart for us and work on our behalf – to make propitiation for the sins of the people". All praise to our merciful and faithful High Priest Jesus Christ, out Lord!!!
+ WHO am I walking with and praying for to discover Jesus, what is my next step? (e.g., spend time with them, set-up an intentional time to share your story, begin a discovery study on the teachings of Jesus with them)