This is the first place in Scripture where God commands a tithe, although it was a common practice in the Ancient Near East for people to honor their king or high priest in such a fashion. What was the purpose of the Biblical tithe at the time of Leviticus? It it still relevant for the Christian community today?
The following guide is a resource for your personal time of abiding with the Lord and for your Community Group when you meet. It can also be used for times with family or friends around the table. At the end of this guide is a resource from www.esv.org to help with our study of Leviticus.
VISION + STORIES
Take time to connect and be reminded of our shared vision- We are a people abiding in Christ, to join His vision of transformation in our homes, neighborhoods, work places and city.
+ WHAT is one way you see the Lord working in the lives of those you are walking with to discover the gospel?
SING + PRAY
Take some time for song (guitar, hymn, acapella or read a Psalm) and extended prayer as an individual/community. A simple path of prayer is to pray through one of the Psalms as a group or use the acronym ACTS (Adoration, Confession, Thanksgiving, Supplication).
DISCOVER [ Leviticus 27:30-34 ] In Large group
+ WHAT is this passage saying and what is a key truth or thought that I/we learn? (Use the questions interspersed through the passage to help make additional observations to clarify the main point)
30 “Every tithe of the land, whether of the seed of the land or of the fruit of the trees, is the Lord's; it is holy to the Lord. 31 If a man wishes to redeem some of his tithe, he shall add a fifth to it. 32 And every tithe of herds and flocks, every tenth animal of all that pass under the herdsman's staff, shall be holy to the Lord. 33 One shall not differentiate between good or bad, neither shall he make a substitute for it; and if he does substitute for it, then both it and the substitute shall be holy; it shall not be redeemed.” 34 These are the commandments that the Lordcommanded Moses for the people of Israel on Mount Sinai.
+ Numbers 18 and Deuteronomy 14 tells us this tithe was used to meet the needs of those who served at the Tabernacle and help those who were in need. Why does verse 30 say the tithe "is the Lord's"? Should we continue giving for these same purposes today? (Read 1 Corinthians 9:6-18 and 2 Corinthians 8:1-15)
+ The literal definition of a tithe means the giving 10% of one's annual personal income. Verse 31 seems to be making an allowance to give less in some circumstances, with the idea of “making it up” in time of plenty. What do you think about this? What about 10% being used as the "proper" amount to give? Could someone be giving 10% and not be pleasing the Lord? (Read Luke 21:1-4). What is the biblical view on financial giving? (Read 2 Corinthians 9).
PROCESS (In Breakouts of 2-3’s, guys/girls)
+ HOW is the Lord calling me to action/obedience? Is there sin to confess, a next step to take, how has it gone since last time? (Below are a couple of ideas to help prompt responses if needed)
+ We teach “first fruits” giving at Downtown Hope, meaning we believe followers of Jesus should make a determination on giving some kind of amount for the cause of Christian ministry as of first importance and stick to that commitment in faith. This should come out of gratitude for what the Lord has done for us, not only in financial blessing, but in the salvation of our souls. Giving should be sacrificial and it should be generous. Repent and ask for forgiveness for any past selfishness and lack of faith displayed in this area. Seek wisdom from God on making this type of financial giving a regular practice in your walk with Jesus.
+ WHO am I walking with and praying for to discover Jesus, what is my next step? (e.g., spend time with them, set-up an intentional time to share your story, begin a discovery study on the teachings of Jesus with them)
STUDY GUIDE ( ESV STUDY BIBLE - WWW.ESV.ORG )
Lev. 27:30–33 The tithe is already the Lord’s. This law allows the rules for ordinary vows to govern the tithes as well (see vv. 9–13).
Lev. 27:34 The phrase on Mount Sinai appeared in 25:1 and 26:46, giving the impression that just chs. 25–27 were spoken on Mount Sinai. But the range of meaning of commandments probably includes “rules and statutes” (compare 26:14–15), which suggests that this verse refers to the entire content of Leviticus.