We’re almost finished with our series through Leviticus, Reaccess. Chapter 27 is the final chapter of the book, and it begins with laws about certain vows that people in Israel might take. The first section of the chapter deal with vows in relation to people, and the second deals with vows in relation to animals, and ends with the mention of a very important concept: redeeming something. As we are invited to consider what it might mean to redeem something, I recommend that this passage be read in conjunction with the study guide provided at the bottom for more information on just these vows entailed.
The following guide is a resource for your personal time of abiding with the Lord and for your Community Group when you meet. It can also be used for times with family or friends around the table. At the end of this guide is a resource from www.esv.org to help with our study of Leviticus.
VISION + STORIES
Take time to connect and be reminded of our shared vision- We are a people abiding in Christ, to join His vision of transformation in our homes, neighborhoods, work places and city.
+ WHAT is one way you see the Lord working in the lives of those you are walking with to discover the gospel?
SING + PRAY
Take some time for song (guitar, hymn, acapella or read a Psalm) and extended prayer as an individual/community. A simple path of prayer is to pray through one of the Psalms as a group or use the acronym ACTS (Adoration, Confession, Thanksgiving, Supplication).
DISCOVER [ Leviticus 27:1-13 ] In Large group
+ WHAT is this passage saying and what is a key truth or thought that I/we learn? (Use the questions interspersed through the passage to help make additional observations to clarify the main point)
The Lord spoke to Moses, saying, 2 “Speak to the people of Israel and say to them, If anyone makes a special vow to the Lord involving the valuation of persons, 3 then the valuation of a male from twenty years old up to sixty years old shall be fifty shekels of silver, according to the shekel of the sanctuary. 4 If the person is a female, the valuation shall be thirty shekels. 5 If the person is from five years old up to twenty years old, the valuation shall be for a male twenty shekels, and for a female ten shekels. 6 If the person is from a month old up to five years old, the valuation shall be for a male five shekels of silver, and for a female the valuation shall be three shekels of silver. 7 And if the person is sixty years old or over, then the valuation for a male shall be fifteen shekels, and for a female ten shekels. 8 And if someone is too poor to pay the valuation, then he shall be made to stand before the priest, and the priest shall value him; the priest shall value him according to what the vower can afford.
9 “If the vow is an animal that may be offered as an offering to the Lord, all of it that he gives to the Lord is holy.
+ What sort of vows do you suppose people are making to the Lord in v.1 What about in v.9?
10 He shall not exchange it or make a substitute for it, good for bad, or bad for good; and if he does in fact substitute one animal for another, then both it and the substitute shall be holy. 11 And if it is any unclean animal that may not be offered as an offering to the Lord, then he shall stand the animal before the priest, 12 and the priest shall value it as either good or bad; as the priest values it, so it shall be. 13 But if he wishes to redeem it, he shall add a fifth to the valuation.
+ What do you think it means for an animal to be either good or bad (v.10-12)? How does this differ from what it means to be holy in verse 9? How does this relate to or differ from what it means to be clean or unclean in verse 11?
+ What do you think it means to redeem something? (V.13)
PROCESS (In Breakouts of 2-3’s, guys/girls)
+ HOW is the Lord calling me to action/obedience? Is there sin to confess, a next step to take, how has it gone since last time? (Below are a couple of ideas to help prompt responses if needed)
+ Through divine accountability, what is the Lord calling you to confess of, share with your community, and ask for help and correction in?
+ How does the Gospel of Christ liberate you from hiding and living in sin?
+ WHO am I walking with and praying for to discover Jesus, what is my next step? (e.g., spend time with them, set-up an intentional time to share your story, begin a discovery study on the teachings of Jesus with them)
STUDY GUIDE ( ESV STUDY BIBLE - WWW.ESV.ORG )
Lev. 27:1–34 Vows and Dedication. This final chapter describes means of redemption relating to vows made to the Lord. The material appears to be an appendix to the book because it does not fit smoothly with the previous content. This does not mean the chapter was added later. It was probably placed at the end to emphasize the importance of funding the sanctuary.
Lev. 27:1–8 In Israel, a man may make a vow to the Lord, offering himself or a member of his family to serve the Lord. This pledge entails service in the sanctuary. Because non-Levites cannot serve on the temple grounds, a person may be freed from this service by making a payment to the sanctuary.
Lev. 27:9–13 One of the vows a man can make is to donate a clean animal to the sanctuary. No substitution of the animal is permitted once the animal has been donated. A person may also contribute an unclean animal. It will not be sacrificed, but the priests may sell it and use the money for the sanctuary.