The following guide is a resource for your personal time of abiding with the Lord and for your Community Group when you meet. It can also be used for times with family or friends around the table. See below for a helpful commentary on today’s reading.
VISION + STORIES- Take time to connect and be reminded of our shared vision- We are a people abiding in Christ, to join His vision of transformation in our homes, neighborhoods, work places and city.
_ What is one way you see the Lord working in the lives of those you are walking with to discover the gospel?
SING + PRAY- Take some time for song (guitar, hymn, acapella or read a Psalm) and extended prayer as an individual/community. A simple path of prayer is to pray through one of the Psalms as a group or use the acronym ACTS (Adoration, Confession, Thanksgiving, Supplication).
DISCOVER (IN LARGE GROUP)
+ WHAT is this passage saying and what is a key truth or thought that I/we learn? (Use the questions interspersed through the passage to help make additional observations to clarify the main point)
[ Leviticus 10:8-20 ]
8 And the Lord spoke to Aaron, saying, 9 “Drink no wine or strong drink, you or your sons with you, when you go into the tent of meeting, lest you die. It shall be a statute forever throughout your generations. 10 You are to distinguish between the holy and the common, and between the unclean and the clean, 11 and you are to teach the people of Israel all the statutes that the Lord has spoken to them by Moses.”
_ What law did God give to Aaron and his sons, the priests, about drinking? [v9]
_ What did God tell Aaron needed to be distinguished? [v10]
_ What did God require the priests to do in v11?
12 Moses spoke to Aaron and to Eleazar and Ithamar, his surviving sons: “Take the grain offering that is left of the Lord's food offerings, and eat it unleavened beside the altar, for it is most holy. 13 You shall eat it in a holy place, because it is your due and your sons' due, from the Lord's food offerings, for so I am commanded. 14 But the breast that is waved and the thigh that is contributed you shall eat in a clean place, you and your sons and your daughters with you, for they are given as your due and your sons' due from the sacrifices of the peace offerings of the people of Israel. 15 The thigh that is contributed and the breast that is waved they shall bring with the food offerings of the fat pieces to wave for a wave offering before the Lord, and it shall be yours and your sons' with you as a due forever, as the Lord has commanded.”
_ While the primary portion of offerings was for the Lord, what do we see was God allowed the priests to have in these verses? [v12-15]
_ Where were the priests to eat the different offerings? [v12-14]
16 Now Moses diligently inquired about the goat of the sin offering, and behold, it was burned up! And he was angry with Eleazar and Ithamar, the surviving sons of Aaron, saying, 17 “Why have you not eaten the sin offering in the place of the sanctuary, since it is a thing most holy and has been given to you that you may bear the iniquity of the congregation, to make atonement for them before the Lord? 18 Behold, its blood was not brought into the inner part of the sanctuary. You certainly ought to have eaten it in the sanctuary, as I commanded.” 19 And Aaron said to Moses, “Behold, today they have offered their sin offering and their burnt offering before the Lord, and yet such things as these have happened to me! If I had eaten the sin offering today, would the Lord have approved?” 20 And when Moses heard that, he approved.
_ What was Moses inquiring after, to ensure the letter of the law was followed? [v16]
_ When Aaron noted his sons had done their portion of the work appropriately, whom did he direct Moses' attention to for not eating the goat of the sin offering? [v19]
_ What was Moses' response to this well-intentioned but clearly shaken priest? [v20]
PROCESS (IN BREAKOUTS OF 2-3’S, GUYS/GIRLS)
+ HOW is the Lord calling me to action/obedience? Is there sin to confess, a next step to take, how has it gone since last time
_ Through this story, we see God's utter holiness, a just cleansing of sin, instruction to keep holy things holy, contrition of those serving, and mercy when it was due. Take account of yourself now, in the perfect and penetrating light of God. What sin does He show you needs to be blotted out of your life? How can you show your contrition to His will? To whom can you show mercy, just as God has shown you mercy?
+ WHO am I walking with and praying for to discover Jesus, what is my next step? (e.g., Build trust by spending time with them, set-up an intentional time to share your story, begin a discovery study on the teachings of Jesus with them)
_ Just like the priests, as part of the Great Commission [Matthew 28:18-20] God has commanded us to teach others to obey His commandments. What steps will you take to follow through on obeying this command this week?
STUDY GUIDE ( ESV Study Bible - www.esv.org )
_ Lev. 10:8–11 This is the only time in Leviticus that God speaks directly to Aaron alone. God outlines three major roles for the priesthood: (1) to distinguish between the holy and the profane, (2) to separate the clean from the unclean, and (3) to teach the people the laws of God.
_ Lev. 10:9–11 Wine and strong drink are forbidden while priests are “on duty,” so that they can faithfully carry out their responsibilities. On their responsibility to teach, see also Deut. 33:10; Ezra 7:10; Neh. 8:1–12; Mal. 2:6–7.
_ Lev. 10:16–20 On the final day of the installation of the priesthood, Moses discovers that Eleazar and Ithamar have not followed the regulations concerning sacrifice. Aaron argues that the events of the day have been so exceptional that it is too dangerous to perform the ritual. Moses then realizes that, though mistakes were made, Aaron has a correct fear of God’s holiness.