The following guide is a resource for your personal time of abiding with the Lord and for your Community Group when you meet. It can also be used for times with family or friends around the table. See below for a helpful commentary on today’s reading.
VISION + STORIES- Take time to connect and be reminded of our shared vision- We are a people abiding in Christ, to join His vision of transformation in our homes, neighborhoods, work places and city.
_ What is one way you see the Lord working in the lives of those you are walking with to discover the gospel?
SING + PRAY- Take some time for song (guitar, hymn, acapella or read a Psalm) and extended prayer as an individual/community. A simple path of prayer is to pray through one of the Psalms as a group or use the acronym ACTS (Adoration, Confession, Thanksgiving, Supplication).
DISCOVER (IN LARGE GROUP)
+ WHAT is this passage saying and what is a key truth or thought that I/we learn? (Use the questions interspersed through the passage to help make additional observations to clarify the main point)
[ Leviticus 9:1-14 ]
On the eighth day Moses called Aaron and his sons and the elders of Israel,2 and he said to Aaron, “Take for yourself a bull calf for a sin offering and a ram for a burnt offering, both without blemish, and offer them before the Lord. 3 And say to the people of Israel, ‘Take a male goat for a sin offering, and a calf and a lamb, both a year old without blemish, for a burnt offering, 4 and an ox and a ram for peace offerings, to sacrifice before the Lord, and a grain offering mixed with oil, for today the Lord will appear to you.’” 5 And they brought what Moses commanded in front of the tent of meeting, and all the congregation drew near and stood before the Lord. 6 And Moses said, “This is the thing that the Lord commanded you to do, that the glory of the Lord may appear to you.” 7 Then Moses said to Aaron, “Draw near to the altar and offer your sin offering and your burnt offering and make atonement for yourself and for the people, and bring the offering of the people and make atonement for them, as the Lord has commanded.”
_Aaron has finished his consecration and begins to serve as the first priest. Moses passes on the role of making sacrifices to Aaron at this point. However, Aaron must sacrifice for his own sin before he can sacrifice on behalf of the people. What does that say about the role of the priest?
_(6) Why are they supposed to make this sacrifice, according to Moses?
_ “To make atonement for them, as the Lord has commanded” (7). God instructs that we be reconciled to Him through the atonement he sets up in the sacrificial system. Reconciling us to Himself has always been part of His redemptive plan for His people!
8 So Aaron drew near to the altar and killed the calf of the sin offering, which was for himself. 9 And the sons of Aaron presented the blood to him, and he dipped his finger in the blood and put it on the horns of the altar and poured out the blood at the base of the altar. 10 But the fat and the kidneys and the long lobe of the liver from the sin offering he burned on the altar, as the Lord commanded Moses.11 The flesh and the skin he burned up with fire outside the camp.
12 Then he killed the burnt offering, and Aaron's sons handed him the blood, and he threw it against the sides of the altar. 13 And they handed the burnt offering to him, piece by piece, and the head, and he burned them on the altar. 14 And he washed the entrails and the legs and burned them with the burnt offering on the altar.
_Aaron does as God requires, but the story is not over. Moses said that God would reveal His glory here. How will God respond to Aaron in his new role as priest and his sacrifices on behalf of the people?
_The installing of the first priest should remind us of the characteristics of Christ. Consider Paul’s words in Hebrews 4: 14-16:
“Therefore, since we have a great high priest who has ascended into heaven, Jesus the Son of God, let us hold firmly to the faith we profess. 15 For we do not have a high priest who is unable to empathize with our weaknesses, but we have one who has been tempted in every way, just as we are—yet he did not sin. 16 Let us then approach God’s throne of grace with confidence, so that we may receive mercy and find grace to help us in our time of need.”
_ What does this passage teach us about Jesus?, Power?, His Spirit?, or our calling as believers?
PROCESS (IN BREAKOUTS OF 2-3’S, GUYS/GIRLS)
+ HOW is the Lord calling me to action/obedience? Is there sin to confess, a next step to take, how has it gone since last time
_ It is humbling to see the high priest make sacrifices for his own sin before he leads the people into God’s presence. Do I need to admit my sin to the people that I lead or interact with?
_God also chooses sinful people to lead His people. Do I need to trust in God’s sovereignty in the midst of the leadership of fallen people?
_Obedience paves the way to blessing. Moses says to obey these commands from God in order that the glory of the Lord may appear to them. Do I want the glory of the Lord, His power, His blessing, etc, without being obedient to what He is calling me to do?
+ WHO am I walking with and praying for to discover Jesus, what is my next step? (e.g., Build trust by spending time with them, set-up an intentional time to share your story, begin a discovery study on the teachings of Jesus with them)
STUDY GUIDE ( ESV Study Bible - www.esv.org )
Lev. 9:1–24 Now that Aaron and his sons have been ordained, ch. 9 describes the first tabernacle service. Various offerings are required, because both the priests and the people are sinful. God delivered his covenant to his people at Sinai; now he descends upon his altar to dwell with them.
Lev. 9:1–4 The daily sacrifices in the tabernacle begin.
Lev. 9:5–6 The purpose of this service is for the glory of the LORD to be shown both to the people and to the priests. See note on Ex. 16:7; compare Ex. 40:34–35.
Lev. 9:7–21 First comes the atonement for the priests (vv. 7–14), and then for the people (vv. 15–21). As in other ceremonies, the atonement process moves from the removal of sinfulness (by the sin offering), to petitions and praises (the burnt offering), and finally to communion with the Lord (the peace offering).