The following guide is a resource for your personal time of abiding with the Lord and for your Community Group when you meet. It can also be used for times with family or friends around the table. See below for a helpful commentary on today’s reading.
VISION + STORIES- Take time to connect and be reminded of our shared vision- We are a people abiding in Christ, to join His vision of transformation in our homes, neighborhoods, work places and city.
_ What is one way you see the Lord working in the lives of those you are walking with to discover the gospel?
SING + PRAY- Take some time for song (guitar, hymn, acapella or read a Psalm) and extended prayer as an individual/community. A simple path of prayer is to pray through one of the Psalms as a group or use the acronym ACTS (Adoration, Confession, Thanksgiving, Supplication).
DISCOVER (IN LARGE GROUP)
+ WHAT is this passage saying and what is a key truth or thought that I/we learn? (Use the questions interspersed through the passage to help make additional observations to clarify the main point)
[ Leviticus 6:8-7:38 ]
The Lordspoke to Moses, saying,9 “Command Aaron and his sons, saying, This is the law of the burnt offering. The burnt offering shall be on the hearth on the altar all night until the morning, and the fire of the altar shall be kept burning on it.10 And the priest shall put on his linen garment and put his linen undergarment on his body, and he shall take up the ashes to which the fire has reduced the burnt offering on the altar and put them beside the altar.11 Then he shall take off his garments and put on other garments and carry the ashes outside the camp to a clean place.12 The fire on the altar shall be kept burning on it; it shall not go out. The priest shall burn wood on it every morning, and he shall arrange the burnt offering on it and shall burn on it the fat of the peace offerings.13 Fire shall be kept burning on the altar continually; it shall not go out.
_ What is the importance of keeping the fire burning continually ("it should NOT go out")?
14 “And this is the law of the grain offering. The sons of Aaron shall offer it before the Lordin front of the altar.15 And one shall take from it a handful of the fine flour of the grain offering and its oil and all the frankincense that is on the grain offering and burn this as its memorial portion on the altar, a pleasing aroma to the Lord.16 And the rest of it Aaron and his sons shall eat. It shall be eaten unleavened in a holy place. In the court of the tent of meeting they shall eat it.17 It shall not be baked with leaven. I have given it as their portion of my food offerings. It is a thing most holy, like the sin offering and the guilt offering.18 Every male among the children of Aaron may eat of it, as decreed forever throughout your generations, from the Lord's food offerings. Whatever touches them shall become holy.”
_ Why does God allow the priests to eat part of this offering? Why does it need to be eaten in the tent of meeting?
19 The Lordspoke to Moses, saying,20 “This is the offering that Aaron and his sons shall offer to the Lordon the day when he is anointed: a tenth of an ephah of fine flour as a regular grain offering, half of it in the morning and half in the evening.21 It shall be made with oil on a griddle. You shall bring it well mixed, in baked pieces like a grain offering, and offer it for a pleasing aroma to the Lord.22 The priest from among Aaron's sons, who is anointed to succeed him, shall offer it to the Lord as decreed forever. The whole of it shall be burned.23 Every grain offering of a priest shall be wholly burned. It shall not be eaten.”
_ This seems to be a grain offering made by the high priest for or on the behalf of the other priests. Why would that be important?
24 The Lordspoke to Moses, saying,25 “Speak to Aaron and his sons, saying, This is the law of the sin offering. In the place where the burnt offering is killed shall the sin offering be killed before the Lord; it is most holy.26 The priest who offers it for sin shall eat it. In a holy place it shall be eaten, in the court of the tent of meeting.27 Whatever touches its flesh shall be holy, and when any of its blood is splashed on a garment, you shall wash that on which it was splashed in a holy place.28 And the earthenware vessel in which it is boiled shall be broken. But if it is boiled in a bronze vessel, that shall be scoured and rinsed in water.29 Every male among the priests may eat of it; it is most holy.30 But no sin offering shall be eaten from which any blood is brought into the tent of meeting to make atonement in the Holy Place; it shall be burned up with fire.
7 “This is the law of the guilt offering. It is most holy.2 In the place where they kill the burnt offering they shall kill the guilt offering, and its blood shall be thrown against the sides of the altar.3 And all its fat shall be offered, the fat tail, the fat that covers the entrails,4 the two kidneys with the fat that is on them at the loins, and the long lobe of the liver that he shall remove with the kidneys.5 The priest shall burn them on the altar as a food offering to the Lord; it is a guilt offering.6 Every male among the priests may eat of it. It shall be eaten in a holy place. It is most holy.7 The guilt offering is just like the sin offering; there is one law for them. The priest who makes atonement with it shall have it.
_ Why are these similar offerings described as "most holy"? The blood for the sin offering was spread of the horns of the altar, but the blood of the guilt offering was "thrown on the altar round about" (RSV). Why? (read Leviticus 17:11 and Hebrews 9:22)
8 And the priest who offers any man's burnt offering shall have for himself the skin of the burnt offering that he has offered.9 And every grain offering baked in the oven and all that is prepared on a pan or a griddle shall belong to the priest who offers it.10 And every grain offering, mixed with oil or dry, shall be shared equally among all the sons of Aaron.
11 “And this is the law of the sacrifice of peace offerings that one may offer to the Lord.12 If he offers it for a thanksgiving, then he shall offer with the thanksgiving sacrifice unleavened loaves mixed with oil, unleavened wafers smeared with oil, and loaves of fine flour well mixed with oil.13 With the sacrifice of his peace offerings for thanksgiving he shall bring his offering with loaves of leavened bread.14 And from it he shall offer one loaf from each offering, as a gift to the Lord. It shall belong to the priest who throws the blood of the peace offerings.15 And the flesh of the sacrifice of his peace offerings for thanksgiving shall be eaten on the day of his offering. He shall not leave any of it until the morning.16 But if the sacrifice of his offering is a vow offering or a freewill offering, it shall be eaten on the day that he offers his sacrifice, and on the next day what remains of it shall be eaten.17 But what remains of the flesh of the sacrifice on the third day shall be burned up with fire.18 If any of the flesh of the sacrifice of his peace offering is eaten on the third day, he who offers it shall not be accepted, neither shall it be credited to him. It is tainted, and he who eats of it shall bear his iniquity.
19 “Flesh that touches any unclean thing shall not be eaten. It shall be burned up with fire. All who are clean may eat flesh,20 but the person who eats of the flesh of the sacrifice of the Lord's peace offerings while an uncleanness is on him, that person shall be cut off from his people.21 And if anyone touches an unclean thing, whether human uncleanness or an unclean beast or any unclean detestable creature, and then eats some flesh from the sacrifice of the Lord's peace offerings, that person shall be cut off from his people.”
22 The Lordspoke to Moses, saying,23 “Speak to the people of Israel, saying, You shall eat no fat, of ox or sheep or goat.24 The fat of an animal that dies of itself and the fat of one that is torn by beasts may be put to any other use, but on no account shall you eat it.25 For every person who eats of the fat of an animal of which a food offering may be made to the Lordshall be cut off from his people.26 Moreover, you shall eat no blood whatever, whether of fowl or of animal, in any of your dwelling places.27 Whoever eats any blood, that person shall be cut off from his people.”
_ Why does God specifically disallow the eating of fat or blood? Or put another way, why are those the two things to be offered to God and Him alone in worship?
28 The Lordspoke to Moses, saying,29 “Speak to the people of Israel, saying, Whoever offers the sacrifice of his peace offerings to the Lordshall bring his offering to the Lordfrom the sacrifice of his peace offerings.30 His own hands shall bring the Lord's food offerings. He shall bring the fat with the breast, that the breast may be waved as a wave offering before the Lord.31 The priest shall burn the fat on the altar, but the breast shall be for Aaron and his sons.32 And the right thigh you shall give to the priest as a contribution from the sacrifice of your peace offerings.33 Whoever among the sons of Aaron offers the blood of the peace offerings and the fat shall have the right thigh for a portion.34 For the breast that is waved and the thigh that is contributed I have taken from the people of Israel, out of the sacrifices of their peace offerings, and have given them to Aaron the priest and to his sons, as a perpetual due from the people of Israel.35 This is the portion of Aaron and of his sons from the Lord's food offerings, from the day they were presented to serve as priests of the Lord.36 The Lordcommanded this to be given them by the people of Israel, from the day that he anointed them. It is a perpetual due throughout their generations.”
37 This is the law of the burnt offering, of the grain offering, of the sin offering, of the guilt offering, of the ordination offering, and of the peace offering,38 which the Lordcommanded Moses on Mount Sinai, on the day that he commanded the people of Israel to bring their offerings to the Lord, in the wilderness of Sinai.
PROCESS (IN BREAKOUTS OF 2-3’S, GUYS/GIRLS)
+ HOW is the Lord calling me to action/obedience? Is there sin to confess, a next step to take, how has it gone since last time
_ The priests of Israel, the sons of Aaron, were continually making sacrifices and offerings to God. 24 hours a day, seven days a week (ok, maybe not on the Sabbath). This was done because sin was so prevalent in that community of followers, and sinful people CANNOT co-exist with a pure, righteous and Holy God. We are a sin-stained people today as well. I know I cannot go 10 minutes without falling short of my own standards let alone the Holy God of the Universe!!! Praise be to Jesus who gives us re-access to the Father by the shedding of His precious blood on our behalf (Hebrews 9:11-14)!!!
+ WHO am I walking with and praying for to discover Jesus, what is my next step? (e.g., Build trust by spending time with them, set-up an intentional time to share your story, begin a discovery study on the teachings of Jesus with them)
STUDY GUIDE ( ESV Study Bible - www.esv.org )
Lev. 6:8–13 burnt offering. See also 1:1–17. fire on the altar shall be kept burning (6:9, 12–13). This would encourage the priests to be faithful in their duties so that worship could continue without interruption.
Lev. 6:14–23 The initial description of the grain offering (2:1–16) describes what the worshiper does while this section focuses on what the priests do with grain offerings.
Lev. 6:14–18 The grain offering is most holy and must therefore be eaten by holy people (the sons of Aaron) in a holy place (the court of the tent of meeting).
Lev. 6:24–30 The initial description of the sin offering (4:1–5:13) indicated that meat of the offering was to be burned up when its blood had been taken into the Holy Place (4:3–21; compare 6:30). These verses explain that the remaining meat of other sin offerings (4:22–35) is to be eaten by holy people (priests) in a holy place(6:26, 29). blood . . . on a garment . . . bronze vessel. The instructions of vv. 27–28 ensure that holy blood does not leave the holy place.
Lev. 7:1–7 This ritual is similar to each of the other offerings, but is not identical with any of them. As in the sin offering, the remaining flesh goes to the priest and his family.
Lev. 7:11–36 The peace offering (see also 3:1–17) is subdivided into three types: thanksgiving in response to God’s favor (7:12, 13, 15), a vow (an offering in fulfillment of a vow; v. 16), and a freewill offering (when there is no specific obligation to make an offering; v. 16). Cut off from his people (vv. 20, 21, 25, 27) could mean that the person is isolated from the community, or it could mean that he actually dies (compare Ex. 31:14; Num. 4:18–20). On the prohibition against eating fat and blood (Lev. 7:22–27), see note on 3:16–17.