The following guide is a resource for your personal time of abiding with the Lord and for your Community Group when you meet. It can also be used for times with family or friends around the table. See below for a helpful commentary on today’s reading.
VISION + STORIES- Take time to connect and be reminded of our shared vision- We are a people abiding in Christ, to join His vision of transformation in our homes, neighborhoods, work places and city.
_ What is one way you see the Lord working in the lives of those you are walking with to discover the gospel?
SING + PRAY- Take some time for song (guitar, hymn, acapella or read a Psalm) and extended prayer as an individual/community. A simple path of prayer is to pray through one of the Psalms as a group or use the acronym ACTS (Adoration, Confession, Thanksgiving, Supplication).
DISCOVER (IN LARGE GROUP)
+ WHAT is this passage saying and what is a key truth or thought that I/we learn? (Use the questions interspersed through the passage to help make additional observations to clarify the main point)
[ Leviticus 4:1-21 ]
And the Lord spoke to Moses, saying, 2 “Speak to the people of Israel, saying, If anyone sins unintentionally in any of the Lord's commandments about things not to be done, and does any one of them, 3 if it is the anointed priest who sins, thus bringing guilt on the people, then he shall offer for the sin that he has committed a bull from the herd without blemish to the Lord for a sin offering. 4 He shall bring the bull to the entrance of the tent of meeting before the Lord and lay his hand on the head of the bull and kill the bull before the Lord.
_ Who does God address directly to educate the people about what He requires? Verse 1
_ Whose sin is addressed in the 1st section? See verse 3
5 And the anointed priest shall take some of the blood of the bull and bring it into the tent of meeting, 6 and the priest shall dip his finger in the blood and sprinkle part of the blood seven times before the Lord in front of the veil of the sanctuary. 7 And the priest shall put some of the blood on the horns of the altar of fragrant incense before the Lord that is in the tent of meeting, and all the rest of the blood of the bull he shall pour out at the base of the altar of burnt offering that is at the entrance of the tent of meeting. 8 And all the fat of the bull of the sin offering he shall remove from it, the fat that covers the entrails and all the fat that is on the entrails 9 and the two kidneys with the fat that is on them at the loins and the long lobe of the liver that he shall remove with the kidneys 10 (just as these are taken from the ox of the sacrifice of the peace offerings); and the priest shall burn them on the altar of burnt offering. 11 But the skin of the bull and all its flesh, with its head, its legs, its entrails, and its dung— 12 all the rest of the bull—he shall carry outside the camp to a clean place, to the ash heap, and shall burn it up on a fire of wood. On the ash heap it shall be burned up. 13 “If the whole congregation of Israel sins unintentionally and the thing is hidden from the eyes of the assembly, and they do any one of the things that by the Lord's commandments ought not to be done, and they realize their guilt, 14 when the sin which they have committed becomes known, the assembly shall offer a bull from the herd for a sin offering and bring it in front of the tent of meeting.
_ Whose sin is addressed in this 2nd section? See verse 3
_ What significant word leaps off the page in verse 2 and 13?
15 And the elders of the congregation shall lay their hands on the head of the bull before the Lord, and the bull shall be killed before the Lord. 16 Then the anointed priest shall bring some of the blood of the bull into the tent of meeting, 17 and the priest shall dip his finger in the blood and sprinkle it seven times before the Lord in front of the veil. 18 And he shall put some of the blood on the horns of the altar that is in the tent of meeting before the Lord, and the rest of the blood he shall pour out at the base of the altar of burnt offering that is at the entrance of the tent of meeting. 19 And all its fat he shall take from it and burn on the altar. 20 Thus shall he do with the bull. As he did with the bull of the sin offering, so shall he do with this. And the priest shall make atonement for them, and they shall be forgiven. 21 And he shall carry the bull outside the camp and burn it up as he burned the first bull; it is the sin offering for the assembly.
_ Review the pattern of obedience God called his people to in Chapters 1-3. Compare and contrast this account.
_ Who is speaking in this entire passage?
_ This passage is divided into two sections 1-12 and 13-21.
How are the sections similar? How are they different?
_ Notice there is no offering for an intentional sin. How might that alter the way we choose to live?
_ Who makes atonement for the sin of the people in verse 20? See also Isaiah 53:10-12 below.
_ What is the result of the obedient sacrifice in verse 20? See also Isaiah 53:10-12 below.
Isaiah 53:10-12 - Yet it was the will of the Lord to crush him; he has put him to grief; when his soul makes an offering for guilt, he shall see his offspring; he shall prolong his days;the will of the Lord shall prosper in his hand. 11 Out of the anguish of his soul he shall see and be satisfied; by his knowledge shall the righteous one, my servant, make many to be accounted righteous, and he shall bear their iniquities. 12 Therefore I will divide him a portion with the many, and he shall divide the spoil with the strong, because he poured out his soul to death and was numbered with the transgressors; yet he bore the sin of many, and makes intercession for the transgressors.
PROCESS (IN BREAKOUTS OF 2-3’S, GUYS/GIRLS)
+ HOW is the Lord calling me to action/obedience? Is there sin to confess, a next step to take, how has it gone since last time
+ WHO am I walking with and praying for to discover Jesus, what is my next step? (e.g., Build trust by spending time with them, set-up an intentional time to share your story, begin a discovery study on the teachings of Jesus with them)
STUDY GUIDE ( ESV Study Bible - www.esv.org )
_ Lev. 4:1–5:13 The sin offering (see also 6:24–30) is for restoring one’s broken relationship with the Lord, whether that was caused by an unintentional sin (4:1–35) or by a sin of omission (5:1–13).
_ Lev. 4:1–21 These verses show how to deal with the sins of the priest and the whole congregation. Blood is sprinkled in front of the veil that separates the Holy Place from the Most Holy Place, indicating that their sins have defiled the Most Holy Place. But since this is a regular occasion, and not the Day of Atonement (ch. 16), the blood cannot be brought into the Most Holy Place. The priest and congregation as a corporate entity bear heavier responsibility than an individual leader or layperson. Therefore, a more costly animal is required for the sacrifice.
_ Lev. 4:3 The anointed priest probably refers to the high priest.
_ Lev. 4:13 If the whole congregation . . . sins unintentionally. For a possible biblical example of unintentional sin, see Josh. 9:15, where Israel made a wrongful covenant with the Gibeonites, not realizing that they were being deceived. realize their guilt. See ESV footnote; compare Lev. 4:22, 27; 5:2, 3, 4, 5.