The following guide is a resource for your personal time of abiding with the Lord and for your Community Group when you meet. It can also be used for times with family or friends around the table. At the end of this guide is a resource from www.esv.org to help with our study of Leviticus.
VISION + STORIES- Take time to connect and be reminded of our shared vision- We are a people abiding in Christ, to join His vision of transformation in our homes, neighborhoods, work places and city.
_ What is one way you see the Lord working in the lives of those you are walking with to discover the gospel?
SING + PRAY- Take some time for song (guitar, hymn, acapella or read a Psalm) and extended prayer as an individual/community. A simple path of prayer is to pray through one of the Psalms as a group or use the acronym ACTS (Adoration, Confession, Thanksgiving, Supplication).
DISCOVER (IN LARGE GROUP)
+ WHAT is this passage saying and what is a key truth or thought that I/we learn? (Use the questions interspersed through the passage to help make additional observations to clarify the main point)
[ Leviticus 3:1-17 ]
1 “If his offering is a sacrifice of peace offering, if he offers an animal from the herd, male or female, he shall offer it without blemish before the Lord. 2 And he shall lay his hand on the head of his offering and kill it at the entrance of the tent of meeting, and Aaron's sons the priests shall throw the blood against the sides of the altar. 3 And from the sacrifice of the peace offering, as a food offering to the Lord, he shall offer the fat covering the entrails and all the fat that is on the entrails, 4 and the two kidneys with the fat that is on them at the loins, and the long lobe of the liver that he shall remove with the kidneys. 5 Then Aaron's sons shall burn it on the altar on top of the burnt offering, which is on the wood on the fire; it is a food offering with a pleasing aroma to the Lord.6 “If his offering for a sacrifice of peace offering to the Lord is an animal from the flock, male or female, he shall offer it without blemish.
_ While these portions talk of using oxen (herd animals) or sheep or goats (flock animals), what are some of the commonalities across these?
_ What are some of the differences?
_ What quality should the animal be? [v1 and v6]
7 If he offers a lamb for his offering, then he shall offer it before the Lord, 8 lay his hand on the head of his offering, and kill it in front of the tent of meeting; and Aaron's sons shall throw its blood against the sides of the altar. 9 Then from the sacrifice of the peace offering he shall offer as a food offering to the Lord its fat; he shall remove the whole fat tail, cut off close to the backbone, and the fat that covers the entrails and all the fat that is on the entrails 10 and the two kidneys with the fat that is on them at the loins and the long lobe of the liver that he shall remove with the kidneys. 11 And the priest shall burn it on the altar as a food offering to the Lord.
12 “If his offering is a goat, then he shall offer it before the Lord 13 and lay his hand on its head and kill it in front of the tent of meeting, and the sons of Aaron shall throw its blood against the sides of the altar. 14 Then he shall offer from it, as his offering for a food offering to the Lord, the fat covering the entrails and all the fat that is on the entrails 15 and the two kidneys with the fat that is on them at the loins and the long lobe of the liver that he shall remove with the kidneys. 16 And the priest shall burn them on the altar as a food offering with a pleasing aroma. All fat is the Lord's. 17 It shall be a statute forever throughout your generations, in all your dwelling places, that you eat neither fat nor blood.”
_ Fat was and is often considered a choice part of the animal or a delicacy, but what did God note about fat? [v16-17]
_ What did God note about the blood? [v2, v8, v13, v17] What did this blood foreshadow in the New Testament? [numerous verses, e.g. Hebrews 9:11-14]
_ When people made these offerings, and followed God's directions, how did God describe the result? [v5]
PROCESS (IN BREAKOUTS OF 2-3’S, GUYS/GIRLS)
+ HOW is the Lord calling me to action/obedience? Is there sin to confess, a next step to take, how has it gone since last time
_ The aroma of obedience continues to please God today. Think about what God is calling you to offer (time, money, other things, life). How can you honor him through obedience, and through offering the choicest parts?
+ WHO am I walking with and praying for to discover Jesus, what is my next step? (e.g., Build trust by spending time with them, set-up an intentional time to share your story, begin a discovery study on the teachings of Jesus with them)
STUDY GUIDE ( ESV Study Bible - www.esv.org )
_ Lev. 3:1–17 The peace offering (see also 7:11–36) expresses peace between an offerer and the Lord. As with the burnt offering, there are various motives for a peace offering, from petition to praise.
_ Lev. 3:1–5 For the burnt offering, the entire animal was to be burned up; for the peace offering, only the fatty parts are to be burned. The fat in ancient Israel represented the very best part of the animal (compare the “fat of the wheat,” Num. 18:12).
_ Lev. 3:6–17 Almost the same instructions are given here for the offering of a sheep or a goat.
_ Lev. 3:16–17 The fat, being the very best part of the animal, was to be given to the Lord. The blood was reserved for atoning for the life of the Israelites, therefore it too must not be consumed (see notes on 17:11; 17:12).