The passage this morning will surely challenge us all. Just as this series has done so far, so will this passage continue to reveal to us the Holiness of God, and the fear and reverence we should hold for Him. I pray instead of being discouraged by the Holiness of God, we would be encouraged that we worship and follow a perfect and great Lord! (Proverbs 1:7)! - Max
The following guide is a resource for your personal time of abiding with the Lord and for your Community Group when you meet. It can also be used for times with family or friends around the table. At the end of this guide is a resource from www.esv.org to help with our study of Leviticus.
VISION + STORIES
Take time to connect and be reminded of our shared vision- We are a people abiding in Christ, to join His vision of transformation in our homes, neighborhoods, work places and city.
+ WHAT is one way you see the Lord working in the lives of those you are walking with to discover the gospel?
SING + PRAY
Take some time for song (guitar, hymn, acapella or read a Psalm) and extended prayer as an individual/community. A simple path of prayer is to pray through one of the Psalms as a group or use the acronym ACTS (Adoration, Confession, Thanksgiving, Supplication).
DISCOVER [ Leviticus 24:10-23 ] In Large group
+ WHAT is this passage saying and what is a key truth or thought that I/we learn? (Use the questions interspersed through the passage to help make additional observations to clarify the main point)
10 Now an Israelite woman's son, whose father was an Egyptian, went out among the people of Israel. And the Israelite woman's son and a man of Israel fought in the camp, 11 and the Israelite woman's son blasphemed the Name, and cursed. Then they brought him to Moses. His mother's name was Shelomith, the daughter of Dibri, of the tribe of Dan. 12 And they put him in custody, till the will of the Lord should be clear to them.
+ Why might the author have included the details of the son’s parents? [v10-11]
+ What did the son do that caused him to be labeled a blasphemer? [v10-11]
+ Why is important that the Israelites put the Israelite in custody until the will of the Lord was spoken? [v11-12]
13 Then the Lord spoke to Moses, saying, 14 “Bring out of the camp the one who cursed, and let all who heard him lay their hands on his head, and let all the congregation stone him. 15 And speak to the people of Israel, saying, Whoever curses his God shall bear his sin. 16 Whoever blasphemes the name of the Lord shall surely be put to death. All the congregation shall stone him. The sojourner as well as the native, when he blasphemes the Name, shall be put to death.
17 “Whoever takes a human life shall surely be put to death. 18 Whoever takes an animal's life shall make it good, life for life. 19 If anyone injures his neighbor, as he has done it shall be done to him, 20 fracture for fracture, eye for eye, tooth for tooth; whatever injury he has given a person shall be given to him. 21 Whoever kills an animal shall make it good, and whoever kills a person shall be put to death.22 You shall have the same rule for the sojourner and for the native, for I am the Lord your God.”
+ What was the will of the Lord for the blasphemer? [v13-16, 23]Use as reference: Isaiah 6:1-5, Exodus 20:7
+ What shall happen to the person who takes another’s life? What shall happen to the person who injures another?
+ Who do these rules the Lord has declared apply to? [v22]
23 So Moses spoke to the people of Israel, and they brought out of the camp the one who had cursed and stoned him with stones. Thus the people of Israel did as the Lord commanded Moses.
+ Where is the Gospel in this passage? Use are reference: Romans 3: 21-26
PROCESS (In Breakouts of 2-3’s, guys/girls)
+ HOW is the Lord calling me to action/obedience? Is there sin to confess, a next step to take, how has it gone since last time? (Below are a couple of ideas to help prompt responses if needed)
+ How does this passage of God’s immutable holiness, move you to confess of sin in your own life?
+ From that confession of sin, what is an act of obedience to the Lord you can take to be a “Living sacrifice, pleasing to the Lord”? (Romans 12:1-2)
+ WHO am I walking with and praying for to discover Jesus, what is my next step? (e.g., spend time with them, set-up an intentional time to share your story, begin a discovery study on the teachings of Jesus with them)
STUDY GUIDE ( ESV STUDY BIBLE - WWW.ESV.ORG )
+ Lev. 24:10–12 The command against misusing God’s name (Ex. 20:7; 22:28) is mentioned again. The Exodus passages did not specify a penalty.
+ Lev. 24:13–16 let all who heard him lay their hands on his head. This may have been done to pass onto the one who cursed the guilt of all who had heard his curse and had thus become defiled. Or, it may have been done simply to indicate who it was that had uttered the curse.
+ Lev. 24:17–23 fracture for fracture, eye for eye, tooth for tooth. This proverbial phrase means “the punishment must fit the crime” (compare Ex. 21:18–19). The law was intended for judges in a court of law; it was not intended as a way for individuals to “take the law into their own hands.”
+ An eye for an eye? This law (24:19–20) was not meant to encourage personal revenge. Rather, it set a limit to the penalties in cases of personal injury. In other words, “let the punishment fit the crime.”