Consider what it might be like to have the weight of having to obey all of these laws (and the ones you’ve already read) on your conscience every day. Think about whether each of these laws are individual commandments or whether God is trying to communicate something by grouping these seemingly-unrelated laws all together in this section.
The following guide is a resource for your personal time of abiding with the Lord and for your Community Group when you meet. It can also be used for times with family or friends around the table. At the end of this guide is a resource from www.esv.org to help with our study of Leviticus.
VISION + STORIES
Take time to connect and be reminded of our shared vision- We are a people abiding in Christ, to join His vision of transformation in our homes, neighborhoods, work places and city.
+ WHAT is one way you see the Lord working in the lives of those you are walking with to discover the gospel?
SING + PRAY
Take some time for song (guitar, hymn, acapella or read a Psalm) and extended prayer as an individual/community. A simple path of prayer is to pray through one of the Psalms as a group or use the acronym ACTS (Adoration, Confession, Thanksgiving, Supplication).
DISCOVER [ Leviticus 19:19-37 ] In Large group
+ WHAT is this passage saying and what is a key truth or thought that I/we learn? (Use the questions interspersed through the passage to help make additional observations to clarify the main point)
19 “You shall keep my statutes. You shall not let your cattle breed with a different kind. You shall not sow your field with two kinds of seed, nor shall you wear a garment of cloth made of two kinds of material. 20 “If a man lies sexually with a woman who is a slave, assigned to another man and not yet ransomed or given her freedom, a distinction shall be made. They shall not be put to death, because she was not free; 21 but he shall bring his compensation to the LORD, to the entrance of the tent of meeting, a ram for a guilt offering. 22 And the priest shall make atonement for him with the ram of the guilt offering before the LORD for his sin that he has committed, and he shall be forgiven for the sin that he has committed. 23 “When you come into the land and plant any kind of tree for food, then you shall regard its fruit as forbidden. Three years it shall be forbidden to you; it must not be eaten. 24 And in the fourth year all its fruit shall be holy, an offering of praise to the LORD. 25 But in the fifth year you may eat of its fruit, to increase its yield for you: I am the LORD your God.
+ Why does God command the Israelites not to eat the fruit of a tree until the fifth year? (v.23-25)
26 “You shall not eat any flesh with the blood in it. You shall not interpret omens or tell fortunes. 27 You shall not round off the hair on your temples or mar the edges of your beard. 28 You shall not make any cuts on your body for the dead or tattoo yourselves:I am the LORD.
+ Why do you suppose the prohibition against eating blood is repeated again here? (v.26) Use as reference: Leviticus 17:10-16
29 “Do not profane your daughter by making her a prostitute, lest the land fall intoprostitution and the land become full of depravity. 30 You shall keep my Sabbaths and reverence my sanctuary: I am the LORD. 31 “Do not turn to mediums or necromancers; do not seek them out, and so make yourselves unclean by them: I am the LORD your God. 32 “You shall stand up before the gray head and honor the face of an old man, and you shall fear your God: I am the LORD. 33 “When a stranger sojourns with you in your land, you shall not do him wrong. 34 You shall treat the stranger who sojourns with you as the native among you, and you shall love him as yourself, for you were strangers in the land of Egypt: I am the LORD yourGod. 35 “You shall do no wrong in judgment, in measures of length or weight or quantity. 36 You shall have just balances, just weights, a just ephah, and a just hin: I am the LORD your God, who brought you out of the land of Egypt. 37 And you shall observe all my statutes and all my rules, and do them: I am the LORD.”
+ Why do you suppose the laws about cattle and fields (v.19) are sandwiched between two sets of laws about dealing with other people (v. 9-18, v. 20-37)
+ Do you think the purpose of the laws in this section is different than the purpose of the laws in the proceeding section?
+ This passage begins and ends with the phrase “you shall keep my statutes.” Why do you suppose these laws are bracketed with an emphasis on obedience
PROCESS (In Breakouts of 2-3’s, guys/girls)
+ HOW is the Lord calling me to action/obedience? Is there sin to confess, a next step to take, how has it gone since last time? (Below are a couple of ideas to help prompt responses if needed)
+ Through divine accountability, what is the Lord calling you to confess of, share with your community, and ask for help and correction in?
+ How do these laws (or the weight of having to obey them constantly) cause you to think of Christ?
+ WHO am I walking with and praying for to discover Jesus, what is my next step? (e.g., spend time with them, set-up an intentional time to share your story, begin a discovery study on the teachings of Jesus with them)
STUDY GUIDE ( ESV STUDY BIBLE - WWW.ESV.ORG )
+ Lev. 19:1–37 The Lord strongly commands the people (including the priests) to become holy in their practice, as he is holy (v. 2). They do this by observing all the following negative and positive commandments.
+ Lev. 19:19 Two different kinds of domesticated animals are not to be crossbred, and two types of cloth are not to be woven together. Ceremonial holiness requires that things stay in their proper sphere, just as Israel must observe its separation from the nations (20:22–26).
+ Lev. 19:20–22 The idea of holiness should govern sexual relations. Fair judgment must be made in legal matters pertaining to adultery and promiscuity.
+ Lev. 19:23–25 Forbidden literally means “uncircumcised.” As a child is not to be circumcised before the eighth day, so the fruit on a tree is not to be harvested until after the third year.
+ Lev. 19:26–31 These are all practices of the Canaanites. Holiness requires Israel not to act like the ungodly in any area of life.
+ Beards. Art from Bible times often shows Israelite men with full, rounded beards. This set them apart from the Egyptians and Romans, who were generally clean-shaven. Other peoples living in Palestine would cut or clip their beards. The Israelites were forbidden to do so, perhaps to show their commitment to God in a pagan culture (19:27).